атопичен дерматит

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that affects millions of people worldwide. It is associated with genetic burden. Atopic dermatitis can occur at different ages, but most commonly occurs at between the ages of 1 and 5 years.

Causes of atopic dermatitis:

The causes of the development of atopic dermatitis are not fully known, but it is suggested that genetic inheritance and environmental factors play an important role. Atopic dermatitis is associated with an enhanced immune system response to external allergens and inflammatory factors. People with family history of allergic reactions and atopic conditions such as asthma and allergic rhinitis are more likely to develop atopic dermatitis.

Symptoms of atopic dermatitis:

Atopic dermatitis manifests itself with a variety of symptoms that can vary depending on the age of the affected individuals. In children, dry, hypersensitive and itchy skin is observed, which is most often affected in the areas around the face, hands, feet and knees. In adults, symptoms can be more varied and manifest as dryness, scarring and itching on different parts of the body.

Management of atopic dermatitis:

There is currently thought to be no cure for atopic dermatitis, but it can be controlled using a variety of methods. Here are some of the ways:

  • Skin hydration. Regular use of moisture-retaining creams and lotions can help maintain skin moisture and reduce dryness.
  • Avoiding friction and irritation. Patients should try to avoid rubbing and irritating the affected skin, as this can worsen the condition.
  • Avoidance of allergens. Certain allergens such as pollens, house dusts, pets and food products can contribute to amplifying the symptoms of atopic dermatitis. Avoiding these allergens can help reduce skin reactions.
  • Probiotics such as Bifidus and Acidophilus : Probiotics are “good” bacteria that play an important role in gut health and the immune system. Taking probiotics such as Bifidus and Acidophilus can help balance the gut microbiome and improve immune system function. This can help the overall immune system response to external allergens and inflammatory factors associated with atopic dermatitis.
  • Essential fatty acids omega 3, 6 and 9. Omega 3, 6 and 9 essential fatty acids are important for digestive health and have anti-inflammatory properties. They are essential for supporting the health of the lining in the digestive tract and can help reduce inflammation in the body. Fish oil, flaxseed and avocado are good sources of these fatty acids.
  • Antioxidants like Pycnogenol: Pycnogenol is a powerful antioxidant substance that is considered beneficial for skin health. This antioxidant can help reduce inflammation and boost skin responses in atopic dermatitis.


Atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin disease that requires careful monitoring and support. The probiotics Bifidus and Acidophilus can help improve gut health and the immune system. While essential fatty acids omega 3, 6 and 9 support mucosal health and reduce inflammation. Antioxidants such as pycnogenol may be helpful in reducing inflammatory reactions in the skin. With proper care, environmental management and support from a health professional, people with atopic dermatitis can improve their quality of life and reduce the symptoms of this disease.

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